Venus de Milo

Plastic Surgery

Field of medicine specializing in improved aesthetics, correct physical defects and rebuild organs that give the function of any part of the body that have been injured.

Meet the world of plastic surgery and what she has to offer to improve the quality of life of people is fundamental in deciding to undergo the procedure. So the information came to be an important component and must draw the doctor and the patient.

Interview with Sérgio Aidar

The patient who is preparing for surgery gets better results?

No doubt. Plastic surgery should be preceded by some procedures, fundamental even to safeguard the health, including the assessment made by the doctor in order to know the clinical condition of the patient before him to undergo surgery.

What can be expected from the results of plastic surgery?

Plastic surgery can greatly improve the aesthetics of a person, both facial and corporeal. It is also possible to reconstitute organs, like a breast that has been removed due to cancer. And also correct defects or restore the function of organs that are affected by congenital or accident reasons. However, plastic surgery should not change the person’s features. You have to have common sense and take into account not only the patient’s clinical condition, but the limitations of age.

It is possible to predict the results of plastic surgery?

Currently, there are software like Mirror (English word, which in Portuguese means “mirror”) that allow the simulation of the results on the computer screen, from digital photo, taken by the doctor. Thus, it is possible to delimit the parts to be worked and predict the results. See more information here.

How many surgeries can be done at the same time?

You can perform more than one procedure in the same surgical procedure. This, however, will depend on the type of surgery and the clinical condition of the patient. As a rule, it is possible to combine abdominoplasty with liposuction, abdominoplasty with breast, reconstruction of a breast with a lipo, among other examples. There are patients who take the opportunity to do several procedures at once. This is not always recommended because the doctor needs time to do a good job, since plastic surgery is made up of details and requires professional skill and expertise.

The patient will make lipo should lose weight before surgery?

The patient may even lose weight a bit, but should do so with caution, without exaggeration. If the person loses weight quickly and sharply, the body is subjected to the concertina effect, and the risk of gaining weight again after surgery is great. In most cases, the patient should be operated with the average weight that holds for most of his life, not the weight you would like to have.

Children and adolescents can undergo plastic surgery?

Age imposes some restrictions on plastic surgery. Children over six years old are able to undergo some procedures like ear correction in flappy. Adolescents generally from the age of 15 can already do liposuction, nose correction, breast reduction and place breast implants. Before age 15, surgery should only be done in exceptional cases that make mandatory, is to improve the person’s quality of life or return to the body some function that has been impaired. The physician should clarify the patient and guide you properly.

You can correct a plastic surgery?

You can always improve the outcome of surgery that has not been successful.

The physician can avoid the appearance of keloid?

The doctor can not avoid the keloid. It is a super scar developed by the body itself. Some people are prone to keloid and others do not. Today, there are already treatments to prevent and minimize these scars. One is radiotherapy. Check out more information here.

The silicone prosthesis can cause complications?

In former times, and in some cases, the silicone occasioned capsular contracture, which means the hardening of the breast. Today, silicone implants have modern technology in its manufacture, which made this risk fall to 2% or so.

The breasts are insensitive with the prosthesis?

It is important to note that the use of silicone prosthesis does not leave insensitive and breasts, either with an artificial appearance. The materials used in the manufacture of prostheses are increasingly refined and safe, with very similar ways to the natural breast.

The breast removed due to cancer can be reconstituted?

Plastic surgery has advanced a lot in this aspect. The woman who underwent a mastectomy has all the conditions to have a new body and refurbished. To reconstruct the breast are taken from skin and fat from the abdomen or back. If removed from the abdomen, in addition to the breast back, reconstituted, the patient also gets rid of excess belly portion used to reconstruct the breast. Learn more by clicking here.

Man can also liposculpture?

Can and there is no problem. Liposculpture has been increasingly frequent among men, and the results tend to be very good.

Cigarette smoking affects the result of plastic surgery?

The effects of smoking on the body can interfere with the result of plastic surgery, yes. Among the harm caused by smoking, one of them is “clogging” of the skin microcirculation, decreasing irrigation (nutrition) in the operated area. This can lead to complications in the healing process caused by skin necrosis, which is characterized by the appearance of wounds that may compromise the aesthetics of the scar.

It is advisable to stop smoking between 7 and 10 days before surgery and start the medication that helps to improve circulation to the skin surface.

Preoperative

Do prophylaxis is the safest way

Before any surgery, it is necessary to evaluate the physical and clinical conditions of the patient. Prophylaxis is a preventive measure, which aims to reduce the surgical risk, checking through clinical and additional examination if the patient is or is not able to undergo the procedure.

Care that the patient must take

  • Fasting 12 hours, abstaining even from water.
  • Shaving the pubic and / or underarm regions, depending on the type of surgery.
  • Do not use oils or creams, the day before they hinder cutting marking, which is made with special pen and ink.
  • Sleep earlier so that it is well physically on the day of surgery.
  • These and other information are contained in the Operative Care Guide. To download, click here.

The cigarette and plastic surgery

Considered one of the greatest enemies of plastic surgery, smoking can negatively impact the aesthetic result. It causes the “clogging” of the microcirculation of the skin, reducing irrigation (nutrition) in the operated area. This can lead to complications in the healing process caused by the necrosis of the skin and the consequent appearance of wounds. It is recommended that smokers stop smoking for 20 to 30 days before surgery. Around a week to ten days before the procedure, and under medical supervision, they should start the medication to improve circulation in the skin.

Postoperative

Care this stage determine good results

The advanced technology and advanced equipment used in plastic surgery have simplified many steps, including the postoperative period. The discomforts are smaller and the rest of time shorter, making unnecessary the punishing behaviors of old. The good results of the surgery, however, depend on a number of factors, it is essential to patient compliance. The Operative Care Guide contains guidelines and procedures to be adopted before and after cirurgia.Para download, click here.

Postoperative Depression

Some patients after undergoing surgery, they experience a sense of sadness, dejection or depression. This is considered natural, especially in the early days, when the body is still swollen, purplish and physical appearance far from that which was conceived.

As these signs disappear, selfesteem recovered and, as a rule, strengthened. For these reasons, it is important that the patient is well informed about the postoperative period, and if this state of mind were to occur, inform the doctor.

Home Care (care at home)

Seeking to provide a differentiated service to patients, it was created the service at home, where a nurse with experience in the field, accompanies the patient during the postoperative period. This service is optional and complementary to the assistance given by the doctor. If patients opt for care at home, the nurse will go to his house to do the healing and follow until the stitches are removed. Click here to learn more.